How to Laser Engrave a Mug

Mugs are one of the most common everyday objects in our lives. Using various engraving techniques, you can make a mug look even more unique.
It is important to note that laser engraving machines vary in operation and settings. Always refer to the specific instructions provided by the manufacturer of your laser engraving machine for the best results. Additionally, ensure you follow safety precautions and wear appropriate protective gear when working with laser engraving equipment.
The next section focuses on how to use laser-engraved mugs.

How to Laser Engrave a Mug

You can follow this article to complete a mug design with or without carving experience. Learning how to engrave mugs can open up many possibilities.
You can use the laser engraving machine to create a wide range of designs on mugs and by practicing engraving techniques and skills, you can create a unique product.

Laser Engrave a Mug-1

Notes on laser engraving mug

Mug material:

There are many different types of material for cups and the engraving machine chosen for engraving different types of cups is also different. Some equipment and skills are required to complete accurate engraving. Depending on the material of the mug, it can be roughly divided into stainless steel, glass and ceramic ones and you will need to choose different power and speed for different materials.

Rotating attachments:

The swivel attachment chosen for mugs and champagne glasses is different. The appropriate swivel attachment is chosen according to the shape and characteristics of the engraved mug.

Safety instructions:

The cutter cannot engrave tempered glass glasses or glasses with a high lead content, which are prone to blowing up. If you are using the engraving machine for the first time to engrave glass, then you must pay extra attention to safety; improper handling can lead to glass blowing up. You can use metal chopsticks or a spoon to tap on the glass to determine the lead content in the glass. If the sound is very low, the lead content is low.
It is also advisable to wear Safety Goggles when laser engraving glass.

Operating environment:

Laser cutting machines produce a lot of smoke when engraving glass, so choose a well-ventilated environment for engraving operations. Especially when engraving glass, there is also the risk of shattering, so a person must guard the engraving process.

Laser engraving machines

The types of engraving machines, their prices, and the materials for which they are suitable vary greatly. The most common types of machines for engraving mugs are the CO2 laser engraver, the diode laser engraver, and the fiber laser engraver, with some additional advice on the choice of machine type.

  1. CO2 laser engraver: suitable for engraving glass or ceramic mugs, its special wavelength makes it easy to engrave various non-metallic materials. However, the CO2 laser engraver is more expensive.
  2. Diode laser engraver: The diode laser engraver is suitable for engraving plastic and metal mugs. The diode laser engraver has unique advantages for engraving plastic materials, as it can quickly produce clear engravings on organic and plastic materials. It is also an economical option for engraving mugs.
  3. Fiber laser engraver: The fiber laser engraver can engrave stainless steel, aluminum, and silver mugs and is recommended if you need to engrave metal mugs regularly.

Materials and tools required for laser engraving mug

Next, find out what tools and materials you need to start a laser engraving mug. Having these materials on hand will make your engraving much smoother.

Rotary attachment

The rotary attachment is one of the essential tools for engraving the mug. It ensures that the laser engraves the mug at a uniform and continuous speed. We currently have two laser rotating attachments that can be used for most engraving needs on mugs, thermoses and champagne glasses.

Rotary attachment-2


Choose a glass, ceramic, or stainless steel mug to ensure the mug material is compatible with the laser engraver.
When engraving ceramic mugs, care needs to be taken with the mug's glaze, which can damage during the engraving process. When engraving glass mugs with the diode laser engraver, the mug's surface needs to be painted black or coated with glass paper.

Protective gear

If you use a desktop diode laser engraver or a handled laser engraver, try to wear safety goggles to protect your eyes from damage.
It is also a good idea to keep a fire extinguisher nearby so that you can always put it out in case of an accidental fire.

Engraving Software

There are many commonly used laser engraving software. You need to check which engraving software is supported by the brand you buy laser engraving from. Light burn is one of the most commonly used laser engraving software. Gweike engraving machines also support both Gweike online and offline. You can choose the right engraving software according to your needs.

Best laser engraver mug machines

Gweike G1 - Diode laser engraver

This is a diode laser engraver that can easily engrave on plastic cups and glass. The machine weighs only 6.6 KG and you can quickly move it to any position. This is very convenient for many small businesses.
The Laser engraver has a laser power of 10w and can quickly leave a clear mark on most materials.
With an engraving speed of 400mm/s, production is fast and efficient for small businesses.
The laser beam has a plate size of 0.08mm*0.06mm and is highly accurate.

Gweike G2 - Handled fiber laser engraver

This 20w fiber laser engraver can easily engrave cups in various metal materials.
The G2 weighs 12 KG and is compact and small in size. The laser head can support multi-angle engraving, so you can engrave on chisels or micro-curved materials. You can also dismantle the laser head to take it to another location for handled engraving.
The Roller Rotary and Chuck Rotary options allow you to engrave a wide range of work.

Gweike Cloud Pro

This is a 50w CO2 laser engraver which is highly accurate and fast, enabling more engraving to be done in a fraction of the time.
The engraving speed is 600mm/s, and it can easily cut 15mm basswood and 20mm cherry wood. With an engraving accuracy of 0.001", you can achieve more precise engraving results and make your products more attractive.
The 510mm x 300mm working area ensures you can easily carve many material sizes. And with the bottom-feeding design, there is no limit to the length of material you can engrave.

What to look for when choosing a mug laser engraver?


The power of the machine determines the engraving depth. If you want to get clear contrast engraving marks, you can choose a high-power machine.
Recommended power parameters for different types of cutting machines: Fiber laser engraver: 5-20w
Diode laser engraver: 10-20w
CO2 laser engraver: 45w-55w.


The engraving speed of the machine determines your productivity. If you are buying an engraving machine for a small business, it is recommended that you choose a machine with a faster engraving speed.

Engraving size

The working area of the engraving machine determines the maximum size it can engrave. Choose your machine wisely according to the size of the material you need to engrave. If the working size of the machine is much smaller than the size of the material to be engraved, it will take more effort on your part to move the material or the machine to finish the engraving.

Safety features

The safety protection of the engraving machine is also crucial. Laser radiation is present during the laser engraving process. You need to ensure that the laser's enclosure complies with FDA approval or CE standards. The enclosure is made of ordinary acrylic or fireproof fabric for many diode laser engravers. The laser machine enclosure of these materials cannot block laser radiation.
And the engraver comes with a safety emergency stop button, tilt protection, open the cover to stop and other safety measures to ensure the machine is safer.


For those buying an engraver to run their small business, a lighter-weight machine may be more suitable for portability. The Gweike Cloud Pro, for example, weighs 45.6kg and is more suitable for designers with their studios.
The Gweike G1/G2 weighs 6.6kg and 12kg, respectively, a weight that most adults can quickly move around. So they are more suitable for customers who need to carry their engraver around a lot.

How to use the Gweike laser engraving mug

Step 1: Setting up your laser engraving machine

First, define the type of material your machine is suitable for cutting. Then set the parameters of the laser engraver to reasonable values according to the user manual or your own experience.

Step 2: Prepare your mug and design

Choose the appropriate rotary for the type of mug and measure the height and circumference of the mug. If you choose a diode laser engraver to engrave your glass, you will need to cover the engraving area of the glass with paint. This ensures complete engraving. A fiber laser engraver cannot engrave plastic or glass mugs.

Step 3: Selecting the right laser settings

Select the appropriate engraving power, speed, air assist pressure, and other parameters.

Step 4: Engraving process

Import the pattern to be engraved into your computer or design the pattern directly on the design software. Then click on Preview to get a complete idea of the position and size of the engraved image. Finally, click on Start Engraving.

Step 5: Finish the engraving

If you have applied paint to the surface of the glass, you will need to use alcohol or glass cleaner to remove it quickly.
Note: you should wash any freshly engraved glass with water before touching it with your hands. Avoid scratching yourself with tiny pieces of glass on the surface just after engraving.


How do you permanently mark a ceramic mug?

To permanently mark a ceramic mug, you can follow these steps:

  1. Choose the appropriate marker or pen: Look for markers or pens specifically designed for use on ceramics or porcelain. These markers are often labeled as "ceramic markers" or "porcelain markers." They typically contain special ink that can withstand high temperatures and adhere well to the ceramic surface.
  2. Clean the mug: Before applying any markings, make sure the surface of the mug is clean and free of any dirt, oils, or residue. Use warm water and mild dish soap to wash the mug, and then dry it thoroughly.
  3. Prepare the surface: If you want to ensure better adhesion and longevity of the marking, you can lightly sand the area where you plan to make the mark. Use fine-grit sandpaper and gently sand the surface in a circular motion. Wipe away any dust with a clean cloth.
  4. Test the marker: Before proceeding, it's a good idea to test the marker on a small, inconspicuous area of the mug or a similar ceramic surface. This will allow you to see how the marker performs and check if it's the desired color.
  5. Apply the markings: With the marker in hand, start applying your design or writing onto the mug. Take your time and work with steady strokes. If you make a mistake, you can try wiping it off immediately with a damp cloth or sponge, but be careful not to smear the surrounding areas.
  6. Let it dry: Once you have finished applying the markings, allow the mug to air dry for the recommended time mentioned by the marker manufacturer. This usually ranges from a few hours to 24 hours.
  7. Cure the markings: To make the markings permanent and more resistant to washing, heat curing is often necessary. Place the marked mug in a cold oven, and then set the temperature to the recommended curing temperature mentioned by the marker manufacturer. Typically, it's around 300 to 350 degrees Fahrenheit (150 to 175 degrees Celsius). Let the mug bake for the specified duration (usually 20-30 minutes).
  8. Cool and test: After the specified baking time, turn off the oven and allow the mug to cool down completely inside the oven before removing it. Once cooled, test the markings by gently rubbing them with a damp cloth. If they remain intact, your permanent markings are complete.

Remember to always follow the instructions provided by the marker manufacturer for the best results, as different brands may have variations in their application and curing process.

How do I clean a laser engraved mug?

Theoretically, cleaning the mug in a dishwasher is possible, but this is not recommended. The heat and rough brushes in the dishwasher will wear away the engraving marks on the mug. It is recommended that the mugs are cleaned gently by hand or with a towel using dishwashing liquid.

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